Archaeological Collection

Winged axes and Flanged axe

Winged axes and Flanged axe
Item name:Winged axes and Flanged axe
Dating:20th–8th century BC
On display:The Earliest Stories from the Crossroads


During the Bronze Age, Europe was unfamiliar with shaft-hole axes (cf. Fig. 196). In Slovenia, they only reappeared at the transition from the Bronze to the Iron Age. The most common European axes at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC were those with flanges (right). In the mid-2nd millennium BC, they were replaced by winged axes with medial wings (centre, also cf. Fig. 248), while the winged axes with butt wings (left) were typical of the transition from the Bronze to the Iron Age.


1. Winged axe, bronze, l. 20.2 cm, 9th–8th century BC, River Ljubljanica (Špica), Inv. No. P 3352.
2. Winged axe, bronze, l. 14 cm, 15th–14th century BC, Jazbine near Podkum, Inv. No. P 6684.
3. Flanged axe, bronze, l. 16 cm, Podjesen near Predgriže, 20th–17th century BC, Inv. No. P 29862.

Further reading

Turk, Peter and Turk, Matija, 2019: The Earliest Stories from the Crossroads, Ljubljana, Fig. 239, pp. 189, 248.

On display in the Permanent Exhibition