Archaeological Collection


Item name:Censer
Dating:Late 4th–5th c.
Dimensions:Surv. h. 13.8 cm
Findspot:Šentjurski hrib above Tržišče
Inv. No.:S 2560
On display:Medieval Stories from the Crossroads


After the fall of the Western Roman Empire (in 476) and in the early period of the Visigoth state (after 489/493), the Romans began building fortified settlements on hilltops, with one or more simple churches at the centre. These hilltop settlements were inhabited roughly to the end of the 6th century, after which they were gradually abandoned. The ruins of these hilltop settlements yielded church furnishings from the Early Christian period (late 4thand early 5th century) such as census from Šentjurski hrib above Tržišče. The bronze censer was found in the area of the as yet uninvestigated settlement on the hill of Šentjurski hrib above Tržišče near Mokronog. The upper part of the censer has three holes to let out the scented smoke, while the top holds the chain, of which only two links survive. The foot of the censer is missing, but there is a hole where it was attached. Censers are liturgical containers for burning incense, which began to be introduced in religious ceremonies around 400; smoke is a symbol of the prayer ascending towards God. 

Further reading

Knific, Timotej in Nabergoj, Tomaž, 2016: Medieval Stories from the Crossroads, Ljubljana, Fig. 20, pp. 26, 219.

On display in the Permanent Exhibition